Ovulation induction makes use of medications to produce more eggs in one cycle.
Not all women have a regular menstrual cycle so if a woman has an irregular menstrual cycle. The fertility specialist will need to monitor with ultrasound scans and hormone assessments to determine the fertile time of the month. Once this is known, it can improve the chances of natural conception. If ovulation does not occur, then fertility drugs may be administered after the onset of menstruation to stimulate egg production.
What are oocyte/egg follicles?
Follicles are fluid-filled sacs that are located inside both of a woman’s ovaries. A woman is born with millions of these eggs follicles, each of which contains an immature egg at its centre. Each month, thanks to certain hormones, multiple follicles will begin to develop. The one follicle that is the strongest will attract most of the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH is a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland, causing it to break open and release an egg while the remain follicles die off. This is ovulation.
Ovulation induction medications
Which are also known as fertility drugs, are used to stimulate the follicles in your ovaries which produces multiple eggs in one cycle. The ovulation induction medications also control the time that the eggs are released, or ovulate. At this point sexual intercourse, IUI, and IVF procedures can be scheduled at the most likely time to achieve pregnancy. Women who are receiving fertility injections are monitored by ultrasound scans and hormone assessment.
Ovulation induction is a type of medical therapy which is often performed alongside certain fertility treatments. If you were to undergo an IVF treatment then ovulation induction would be the first step in this course of treatment. Typically, medications that are used to help trigger the development of egg follicles are known as ovulation inducers. A variety of drugs are used and the fertility doctor will decide which combination is most appropriate for you. You will be closely monitored while you are on these drugs as women respond to them in different ways and some have strong side effects.
There are risks associated with the use of ovulation induction medications such as an increase in the possibility of high order multiple births and the development of ovarian cysts. A rare side effect that can occur is ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The symptoms include severe pain in the pelvis, abdomen and chest, nausea, vomiting, bloating, weight gain and difficulty breathing.