This is a question that many women who have problems conceiving ask themselves. There are a number of reasons why a woman may be infertile and, surprisingly, a lot of them are lifestyle based.

In general you should live a healthy lifestyle in order for your reproductive system to function normally. Here a few possible reasons why a woman might be infertile.

  • Smoking cigarettes. Smoking plays a big role in the ability to conceive. Smoking can seriously affect your health and your organs, with the reproductive organs being no exception. Smoking is also harmful to the foetus and has also been linked to miscarriages.
  • Drinking alcohol. Alcohol also plays a role in infertility and can increase the risk of miscarriage. Plus high alcohol intake can cause foetal abnormalities during pregnancy.
  • Excessive exercise. Intense and excessive exercise can lead to menstrual disorders which can affect the ability to conceive. It is best to exercise moderately to manage your health and weight.
  • Being overweight. Being overweight can decrease your chances of falling pregnant. Losing weight can improve the chances of fertility.
  • Environmental poisons. This would be toxic chemicals, pesticides, lead, heavy metals, as well as ionising radiation. Exposure to such environmental poisons over time could lead to infertility.
  • Hormonal imbalances. If too much or little of a particular hormone is produced it could cause reproduction not to take place thus leading to infertility.
  • Ovulatory disorders. This is the leading cause of infertility in women. When ovulation does not occur conception cannot take place. The menstrual cycle must follow the correct sequence for pregnancy to occur.
  • Abnormal cervical mucous. Cervical secretions are a vital part of the reproduction process. If the cervical mucous is abnormal then it might make it difficult for the sperm to reach the uterus.
  • Endometriosis. This is disease that is indicated by the presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. Endometriosis decreases the chances of conception and many women don’t even realise that they have this disease.
  • Blocked fallopian tubes. These are the channels that lead to the uterus. If the fallopian tubes are blocked then the egg cannot get to the uterus and the sperm cannot get to the egg.

There are various fertility treatments that could assist women with overcoming infertility. A fertility specialist will give advice according to your individual infertility status.